• INTRODUCTION TO LAST DROP OIL AND GAS MICROBIAL TECHNOLOGY

    Last Drop Oil and Gas LLC has a new treatment technology that replaces the current costly and destructive methods employed for the repeated removal of paraffin and asphaltene buildup. The company’s most recent treatment technology is based on a revolutionary enzymatic process which is capable of converting these problem compounds into profitable ones with a cold hydro-cracking effect. The effect is able to remove problem paraffin and asphaltenes from the formation and the production equipment without any damage to the formation. The treatment process takes only 72 hours to complete. The effects of the process yield a reduction of paraffin and asphaltenes compounds in the produced oil and removal of built up compounds in the well annulus and tubing structures.  The positive benefits of the effect are observed to increase the API with in 4-7 days after initial treatment and then normalize to a lower level which can be sustained with a injection of a catalytic agent. The catalytic agent can be pumped down the backside which doesnt reqire product to be stopped.  

    Paraffin: 

    Paraffin is an organic compound commonly found in crude oil. Paraffin crystallization and deposition is responsible for a myriad of problems in the oilfield. These problems range from clogging reservoir flow paths and causing premature abandonment of reserves, to increasing maintenance costs of pumps, rods, tubing, flow lines, separators and creating tank bottoms in the surface facilities.


    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION  

    1. Effects on water flood injection pressure : There was on average a 40% reduction in water injection pressure requirements within 60 days after inoculation and a steady increase in the overall water volume that was circulated through the oil bearing strata.

    2. Oil storage tank sediments: Tank bottoms treated with our system showed total removal of Basalt wastes and sediments after 10 days.

    3. Asphaltene reduction: Produced oil has been shown to have significant reduction in the C30>ASPHALTENE range and exhibited higher purity in both chemical and physical appearance.

    4. Paraffin reduction: Testing has shown reductions in paraffin content to range from 10%-24% 90 days after inoculation.

    5. Hydrogen sulfide production : Wells containing H2S (hydrogen sulfide) gas production were reduced from an average 200ppm to 40ppm within 60 days after inoculation

    6. Drilling mud: Contamination of VOC’S (Volatile Organic Compounds) in drilling mud, have been reduced by 60% of their initial levels after static treatments.

    7. Water Flood Wells: Water flood oil recovery was increased across the board through the reduction in formation pressures that allowed for higher water volume flow rates in the oil bearing strata. This increase in flow is directly related to the cleansing effects of our system and thereby enabling much higher volumes of oil to be recovered without additional costs to the field operation. This is a direct reduction in field operation/ maintenance overhead.   


    The System is based on new, revolutionary, science-based technology that is capable of revitalizing a dormant oil well and making it productive again. 


    Some highlights include:      

    •The process is quick, effective, easily administered and needs only a few injections of a catalytic agent to maintain production.     

    •The quality of the oil is actually enhanced by the renewal process, making it more valuable on a per barrel basis than previous oil production from the well. .     

    •Reduces operating costs     

    •Reduces equipment maintenance     

    •Increases production from the well     

    •Is not corrosive to the environment     

    •Will actually protect current water supplies     

    •Potential future production of the oil well is increased


    The Process: 


    The process, enhanced extremophile enzymatic oil recovery is loosely categorized as a form of carbon cracking sometimes referred to colloquially as “Hydrocracking” due to its application with hydrocarbons: “In petroleum geology and chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or heavy hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules (e.g. light hydrocarbons) by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds in the precursors. The rate of cracking and the end products are strongly dependent on the temperature and presence of any catalysts. Cracking, also referred to as pyrolysis, is the breakdown of a large alkane into smaller, more useful alkanes and an alkene. Simply put, hydrocarbon cracking is the process of breaking long chain hydrocarbons into short ones. “extremophile: An organism adapted to living in conditions of extreme temperature, pressure, or chemical concentration, as in highly acidic or salty environments.


    Enzyme:


    Enzymes are any of numerous proteins or conjugated proteins produced by living organisms and functioning as biochemical catalysts. Generally, when we refer to “Hydro cracking” it is as part of the oil refining process and requires significant energy and has numerous inefficiencies. The process is environmentally benign and requires no artificial energy source while accomplishing essentially the same result. The power of this process is in its very cost effective treatment of the most significant problems in oil and gas recovery. The process is used to “break-down” problematic long-chain hydrocarbons such as paraffin and asphaltene which is responsible for much of the high maintenance cost associated with oil and gas recovery. The process “cracks” the paraffin and/or asphaltene built up in the well and associated equipment thus creating usable fuel from a normally costly production inhibitor. The greatest benefit of the process is its ability to break long chain hydrocarbons up into shorter chain hydrocarbons down in the well field formation. This results in oil that is of a higher API Gravity and thus more valuable. It also results in an increase in recoverable oil volume. The higher the API Gravity of the recoverable oil the easier it is to recover. A side-effect or by-product of this process is that lighter hydrocarbons (shorter carbon chains) such as methane (natural gas) are also created increasing the value of recovered gas while also providing fuel to run on site electricity generators that power the well pumps. All of these benefits are usually only achieved via expensive processes involving highly energy reliant equipment, extensive manpower and production losses. None of these short-comings are prevalent applying the process.  


    Microbial/Enzymatic Micro-Emulsion Enhanced Oil Recovery:

    The benefits 

    1. Our bacteria produce surfactants and when injected with the injection water and forced through the producing formation the bacteria colonize in the formation. By living in the formation they are continually producing surfactants. The micro-emulsion effects are created throughout the formation and will continue as long as the nutrients that the microbes need to live continue to be injected on a monthly basis. This micro-emulsion picks up and transports oil through the formation that would not otherwise be produced, increasing total recoverable oil. 

    2. The Microbes produce enzymes that turn the paraffin and asphaltenes into oil that moves through the formation more easily, effectively increasing total recoverable oil. 

    3. The Microbes and Enzymes increase the gravity of the oil including the gravity of the immobile oil that will not move through the formation. They continue to lighten the immobile oil until it is light enough to move through the formation, increasing the total recoverable oil. 

    4. The Microbes and Enzymes improve the viscosity of the oil allowing more oil to move through the formation. 

    5. The Microbes and Enzymes will break down any carbon based blocking material in the formation and around the injection well bores. This is a major benefit in reducing injection pressure and opening new channels for the injection water to move through further colonizing the formation and reaping the benefits listed above including increasing total recoverable reserves. 

    6. The Microbes and Enzymes will destroy much of the Sulphur Reducing Bacteria (SRB) thereby controlling the production of iron sulphide and H2S gas.  

    7. The above outlined benefits of using the Microbial/Enzymatic technology for tertiary oil recovery can be accomplished for a fraction of the cost of other tertiary oil recovery technologies. There is no up-front equipment cost and the technology can be deployed immediately. The Microbial/Enzymatic technology can be deployed as batch treatments into the main water facility twice a month or by continuous injection into the main water facility. The environmentally benign technology is designed to convert problematic compounds found in the above processes by performing a specific chemical function which alters unwanted substances into useful energy compounds. This process not only insures that no environmental damage will be done by our process but it will actually improve the condition after our process is completed.